80 migrants survived and now back in Libya
Libyan coastguards recovered the bodies of 11 migrants who died off Libya’s western shore during an attempted crossing to Italy on Sunday, a spokesman said.
More than 80 migrants survived the incident off the city of Sabratha, about 70 km west of Tripoli, and coastguards brought them back to the nearby city of Zawiya, said naval coastguard spokesman Ayoub Qassem.
The migrants were from various sub-Saharan African countries, he said.
A second boat, carrying 200 migrants including 38 women and one child, was intercepted off Zliten, about 135 km east of Tripoli, Qassem said. As well as African migrants, the vessel was carrying Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Indians.
Libya is the most common departure point for migrants trying to reach Europe by sea. More than 600,000 crossed the central Mediterranean to Italy in the past four years, the vast majority from Libya.
Since last July there has been a sharp drop in crossings as Libyan authorities backed by Italy pressured local groups to stop smuggling and supported Libya’s coastguard to intercept those who do leave.
European powers have also pushed to reduce flows into Libya from the south and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has flown back 25,000 migrants from Libya to their home countries since the start of last year.
Some 5,330 migrants had crossed from Libya to Italy between January 1 and April 20 this year, about 85 per cent lower than during the same period in 2017, according to Italy’s interior ministry.